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Connected

5. Smart city driving

As a connected city, Melbourne will develop a culture of smart city driving in the municipality. This means improving motor vehicle traffic flow and running efficiency and fostering smarter, more efficient motor vehicle use and simplified road management. Smart city driving also means reducing road rage, eliminating pedestrian and cyclist death and serious trauma by collisions and making motoring compatible with these vulnerable road users. This will also reduce the degrading effects of motor vehicle traffic on the general urban amenity.

Since the 1970s, inner Melbourne has undergone a renaissance of urban life. Many more people now live in the city, particularly the central city. The central city is their local neighbourhood and they call it home. Central city residents use their streets as places to meet neighbours and friends, and they expect their streets to be safe, clean and attractive. Those who work in the city are also walking more and both workers and residents are now cycling throughout the municipality more. Key goals in Future Melbourne are for the municipality to become a Walking City and a Cycling City. But pedestrians and cyclists are vulnerable road users.

Meanwhile, the use of motor vehicles in metropolitan Melbourne has also been increasing. During the past 20 years, motor vehicles have become faster and more powerful, creating high expectations for fast unhindered driving. But Melbourne's inner urban road network is a complex mobility environment. Users travel for many different reasons, using many different transport modes. Motorists in the central city often experience frustration which occasionally escalates into road rage at traffic congestion, difficulties with parking at their destination.

Pedestrians and cyclists are a growing proportion of users of the inner city road network and experience motor vehicles as a threatening and dominating presence on roads. For them, motor vehicles are dangerous, noisy and polluting and command a disproportionate share of road space. Vision zero is the aim that no one will be killed or seriously injured when moving within the road transport system, death or injury of this nature can never be ethically acceptable.1

Conflicts between the different road users must be resolved and it's time for an imaginative rethink of the road transport system in the central city. Innovations in private motor vehicle transport such as combining public and private transport, car sharing, car-van pooling, 30km speed limits, advanced traffic and parking management, and the new generation of urban smart vehicles are all possibilities for the future2 .

More efficient use of cars is needed. Approximately 80 per cent of car trips have only one occupant. Car ownership is expensive and most cars stand idle the majority of the time. This is an inefficient use of resources. There exist innovative ways to buy the use of vehicle, when needed, rather than buying a vehicle. 3There are also systems available that enable road space for parking and driving to be managed more dynamically in the inner city to encourage fair, responsive and sustainable vehicle use.

Smarter city driving will be achieved by implementing numerous measures. These could include: improving motor vehicle traffic flow to run efficiently; smarter and more efficient motor vehicle use; simplifying road management; reducing road rage, eliminating death or serious trauma by collisions; making motoring compatible with vulnerable road users and eliminating the degrading effects of motor vehicle traffic on general urban amenity.

Goals Indicators Outcomes

Efficient, flowing inner urban motor vehicle traffic.

Improve traffic flow for motorists. Maintain reasonable travel times without death or serious injury or loss of mobility for vulnerable road users. Reduce vehicle running costs including fuel consumption, wear and tear and greenhouse gas emissions.4

Average cross inner city motor Target: Indicator to be developed

vehicle trip times.

Current: Indicator to be developed.

Motor vehicle traffic volumes.

Target: Indicator to be developed

Current: Indicator to be developed.

The road network in the municipality has a low speed limit and is safe for cars, motor bikes, pedestrians and cyclists. Optimal trip times for all modes. There are zero fatalities or serious injury for vulnerable road users.

Smart and efficient motor vehicle use.

Develop and implement programs, services and infrastructure that enables, more efficient, responsive and sustainable motor vehicle use and parking in municipality.

Proportion of "smart driving" motor vehicle trips in the municipality

Target: Indicator to be developed.

Current: Indicator to be developed.

Car ownership in the municipality has reduced and more people rent the use of a car as they require. "Green" cars are an increased proportion of motor vehicles. With the use of advanced technologies parking in the city is managed to support smart driving in all forms.

Reduce motorist road rage and frustration

Remove frustrations created by the road transport system in the inner city that precipitate road rage. Educate motorists about how to drive smarter and friendlier in the inner city through attitude and behavior change. Make motoring and parking in the city simpler and easier. Reduce complex rules, signage and signalling.

Perceptions of ease and efficiency of motoring in the municipality.

Target: Indicator to be developed.

Current: Indicator to be developed.

Driving in the municipality is efficient, straightforward and relaxing. Inner Melbourne is known for its friendly motorists.

Zero road death or serious trauma in the municipality

Eliminate death or serious trauma in the municipality. No one will be killed or seriously injured within the road transport system.5

Rate of death and serious injury from road accidents in the municipality.

Target: Indicator to be developed.

Current: Indicator to be developed.

1 Jan to 31 Oct 2007, 5 pedestrians killed, 73 seriously injured.

Traffic and parking in the city is managed to optimise the use, cost and provision of road space.

Motoring compatible with vulnerable road users

Make motor vehicle traffic compatible with vulnerable road users by reducing the threat of death and trauma, motor vehicle traffic noise, and air pollution. Increase urban amenity.

Traffic generated noise 24 hour profile.

Current: Indicator to be developed.

Streets are relatively quiet and safe, the air is free of pollution and the threat of injury by motor vehicle collision is significantly reduced.

Global city ranking

  • Stockholm

See also

References

1 : Tingvall, C. and Haworth, N. (1999) Vision Zero - An ethical approach to safety and mobility Monash University Accident Research Centre. Paper presented to the 6th ITE International Conference Road Safety & Traffic Enforcement: Beyond 2000, Melbourne, 6-7 September 1999

2 : Renewable Transport: How Renewable Energy and Electric Vehicles using Vehicle to Grid technology can make Carbon Free Urban Development. Curtin University Sustainability Policy (CUSP) Institute. CUSP Discussion Paper 2008/1. Andrew Went, Peter Newman & Wal James

3 : Hoermandinger, G. (1996) Financial Times Automobile Environment Analyst Issues. Separating the ownership and use of cars

4 : Archer,J. Fotheringham, N. Symmons , M. & Corben, B. (2008) The impact of lowered speed limits in urban and metropolitan areas Monash University Accident Research Centre Report

5 : Tingvall, C. and Haworth, N. (1999) Vision Zero - An ethical approach to safety and mobility Monash University Accident Research Centre Paper presented to the 6th ITE International Conference Road Safety & Traffic Enforcement: Beyond 2000, Melbourne, 6-7 September 1999


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Topic revision: r33 - 15 Jan 2009 - 17:37:46 - DaleBowerman
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