2. Cycling city
Melbourne will be a cycling city . The municipality's entire road network will be safe and attractive for cyclists of all ages. Bikes will become the mode of choice for private transport trips in the municipality, including for work, school, business and recreation.
Governments, business and people travelling to and within the municipality are recognising the benefits of cycling1
and cycling is on the increase. The number of peak hour city cyclists
doubled from four per cent of all private vehicles in 2006 to eight per cent in 2007.2
Plus, Melbourne's climate and gentle topography is well suited to cycling.
The most effective inner city mode of travel
The Municipality of Melbourne is dense with activity. Cycling can deliver the best mobility for the most citizens for the least consumption per capita of road space. Bicycles are a highly mobile, affordable, efficient, quick, non-polluting, healthy and socially stimulating form of private mobility. Because they are so small, bicycles are easy to park, providing door-to-door mobility. Bicycles are ideal for most inner city resident and worker trips (of less than 10kms). But bicycles are also increasingly used for longer commuter trips.
Reduce road congestion
Cycling is an efficient use of road space. A car driver moving at speed occupies around 100 times more road area than a moving cyclist. Increasing cycling in the inner city will reduce road congestion and also free up seats on local public transport.
The road network must be made safe for cyclists through lower general speed limits (30 km/h), well designed dedicated lanes
and a program to educate drivers about inner city driving.
Road space consumption per person 3
|| speed (km/h)
|| standing/parked (m2)
|| travelling (m2)
| Bus passenger
| Car driver (slow)
| Car driver (fast)
The table above shows the amount of road space needed for individuals travelling via different transport modes and at different speeds. Cycling and walking use significantly less road space than cars.
Safe and healthy
Cycling, like walking is a very good for personal
and public health
. Cycling is also safe for other road users.
By contrast, motor vehicle traffic is very dangerous for pedestrians and cyclists. It's also the biggest barrier to people taking up cycling. "Safety concerns were consistently found to be among about the most significant barriers preventing people from cycling. It was even found to be a concern for those that cycle regularly." 4
From practical and ethical perspectives it is essential that the municipality's roads be made safe for cyclists so that there is no risk of death or serious injury (see Smart city driving.
Whole of network access
Like pedestrians, cyclists prefer to take the shortest, most direct route to their destination. Banning bicycle access to parts of the network reduces cyclists' mobility options and discourages cycling. All our municipality's road and path networks should be safe and accessible for cyclists.
A culture of slower cycling should be promoted, ensuring cyclists and pedestrians can safely share spaces such as laneways, malls and parks. Cyclists should also be provided with safe networks to adjoining municipalities. Cycling networks should be complemented by trip-end facilities (such as showers and changing rooms) to encourage cycling as a transport choice for both commuters and visitors.
Public bicycle rental system
This is a new way to use bicycles in the city. A bicycle rental system makes cycling easy, free and available to anyone- resident, workers, visitors - any time its needed. With a bicycle rental system, apartment dwellers would no longer need to own - or store - a bicycle. Bike stations could be integrated with key destinations and with the public transport system. Bicycle rental systems combine the traditional simplicity and efficiency of the bicycle itself with new internet-based rental systems. Most trips would be free. For Melbourne, the installation of such a system will be a major step forward in making inner Melbourne a bicycle friendly city. For an example of bicycle rental in action, the Velib
in Paris is a successful model.
In the future, cycling will be one of the most popular ways to move around the inner city. The whole inner city road network will be substantially safer for all cyclists, and the municipality's cycling culture will be compatible with pedestrians. A public bicycle rental system will be installed throughout the inner city.
The whole network made bike safe
The whole road and path network will be made safe, easy and enjoyable for cycling.
Fatalities and serious injuries/rider km/year in the municipality
Target: 2020 - 0
Current: Indicator to be developed
Proportion of bicycles of all road traffic in the municipality vehicle kms/year
Target: Indicator to be developed Current: Indicator to be developed
There are zero deaths or serious injuries from collisions with motor vehicles and cars are not intimidating so many more cyclists of all ages now enjoy riding anywhere on the municipality's road network, reinforced by low traffic speed (30 km/h), dedicated lanes and mixed bike/ped zones.
Develop a culture of slow cycling
To ensure city cycling is compatible with pedestrian activity
The number pedestrian/cyclist collisions/incidents.
Target: 2020 - 0
Current: Indicator to be developed.
| Cycling is now used by the elderly and young children in the city and has slowed so cyclists ride at around 5km/hr when mixing with pedestrians on the roads, plazas and malls and paths in parks
A public bicycle rental system
Pervades the municipality and adjoining municipalities
The density of bicycle rental pods in the municipality.
Target: 2020 - equal to Paris 2007
| A comprehensive public bicycle rental system interfaced with the city's public transport system allows all city users the freedom to travel by bicycle. Cycling has been massively expanded in both numbers and range of users.
Quality end of trip facilities
Are standard at city work places, educational facilities and other key destinations.
Proportion of workplaces with over 10 employees with quality end of trip facilities.5
Current: to be developed (overall number 1,330)
Cycling to work is commonplace and convenient in the municipality including those commuting 10km or more.
Global city ranking
- Copenhagen, Barcelona, Paris,
- Bicycle Account (pending expansion of this reporting model).
: Bauman A. Rissel C. Garrard J. Ker I. Speidel R. and Fishman E. (2008) Cycling: Getting Australia Moving: Barriers, facilitators and interventions to get more Australians physically active through cycling
Cycling Promotion Fund, Melbourne.
: City of Melbourne (2007) Bicycle Plan 2007
: Litman, T. (2008) Evaluating Transportation Land Use Patterns
, Victoria Transport Policy Institute, 12 June 2008.
: City of Melbourne and Bicycle Victoria Bikescope Survey, available every year, reported in Melbourne Bicycle Account